安徽快3开奖结果

全国服务热线:18631165157
网站公告:
诚信换来金招牌 服务赢得天下客...
联系我们
18631165157
地址:
安国市南阳工业区
邮箱:
415130881@qq.com
电话:
18631165157
传真:
0312-3427286
手机:
18631165157
安徽快3开奖结果 News
渣浆泵选金矿铁矿什么是 硫脲浸金技术
添加时间:2019.11.01

渣浆泵选金矿铁矿什么是 硫脲浸金

硫脲法浸出金指的是采用硫脲浸出金的工艺。

硫脲又称硫化尿素(H2NCSNH2),是一种有机化合物,相对分子质量76.12,密度1. 405g/cm3,熔点180~182C。其晶体易溶于水,在25C时,在水中溶解度为142g/L水溶液呈中性、无腐蚀作用,溶解热22.57k/mol硫服的重要特性是在水溶液中与过渡金属离子生成稳定的络阳离子,反应通式:

硫除在碱性溶液中不稳定,易分解生成硫化物和氨基,氨基氰水解产出尿素。硫脲在酸性溶液中具有还原性能,易氧化生成二硫甲脒。一 硫甲脒进一步氧化,分解为氨基氰和单质硫。

26  硫脲的特点有哪些?

硫脲的特点是:①无毒性;②选择性比氰化物好,对铜锌砷锑

等元素的敏感程度明显低于氧化法;③溶金速度快,比化浸出快4~5倍以上;④硫脲溶金在酸性介质中进行。它适用于已经过预处理的难浸矿物浸出;⑤溶液中生成的硫尿金配合物在本质上是阳离子,适合于用溶剂萃取法和离子交换法来回收金,但硫脲价格昂贵,消耗量大(自身被氧化20%80%被矿石吸附消耗),不如氰化物稳定,且由于在酸性介质中浸金,容易腐蚀设备,并且近年来有些资料将硫脉列为可疑的致癌物。因此可以肯定地说,硫脲法近期内还很难替代化法。硫脲酸性液浸出金银具有设出速度高,毒件小,药剂易再生回收,铜、砷、锑、碳、、锌、硫的有青影响小等特点,适用于从氯化法难处理或无法处理的含金矿物原料中提
27  什么是硫代硫酸盐浸出金?

硫代硫酸盐是S2O3团的化合物,它可看中一个氧原子硫原子取代的产物。硫代硫酸盐与酸作用时形成的硫代硫酸立即分解为硫和亚硫酸,后者立即分解为二氧化硫和水, 因而浸出过强需要在性条件进行。SoF中两个S原子的氧化值平均为+2,它具有温和的还原性,因此,浸出过程适当地控制化条件是必须的。硫代硫酸盐另重要性质是它能与许多金属 (金、银、铜、铁、铂、钯、汞、镍、锡)离了形成络合物。如:

最重要的硫代硫酸盐是硫代硫酸钠和硫代硫酸铵,两者通常均为无色或白色粒状晶体。在有氧存在时,金在硫代硫酸盐溶液中可能发生如下的反应:
28什么是石硫合剂法浸出金?
    石硫合剂法出金是我国首创的新型无制浸出金技术。石硫合

剂利用廉易得的石灰和硫合制而成,无毒,有利于环境保护,其主要成分是硫化钙(CaS,) 和硫代硫酸钙(CaS2O3)。因此,石硫合剂法的浸金过程是多硫化物浸出金和硫代硫酸盐浸出金两者的联合作用,因而使用石硫合剂法具有优越的浸出金性能,更适于处理含碳、伸、锑、铜、错的难处理金矿。但是,该方法在技术还很不成熟,有待进一步研究。
    石硫合剂中含有S.S0X5S等离子,它们与金均可形成稳定的配合物。多离子如同过氧离子,其有氧化性,可将Au(0)氧化成Au(I),生成的Au( I)可与溶液中各种配位离子形成稳定的配合物,由于Au( I)浓度不断降低,就促使Au(0)不断溶解。浸出金的关键不但要有氧化剂使Au(0)氧化,更重要的是被氧化了的Au( I)与溶液中的配位离了生成稳定的配合物。氰化物和硫脲(Thio) 是最常见的浸出金溶剂,在氧化剂存在下它们与Au (I)均能形成稳定的配合物。S205S3S2-Au(T)形成的配合物,其稳定性均高于硫脲与Au(I )的配合物,接近氰化物与金的配合物。

29什么是液氯浸出法?

液氯化法,通常又称为水溶液氯化法或水氯化法。此法初期采用硫酸漂白粉的溶液从有中成功地浸出金,并用硫酸亚铁从出液中沉淀出金。一般说来, 中凡是王水可溶的物质,液氰化法也可以溶解。采用液化法,金的浸出率比化法高,且的价格比氰化物低。

种强氧化剂,能与大多数元素起反应。对金来说,它既水氧化剂又是络合剂。金被氯化而发生氧化离于络合,故称水氯化浸出金,其化学反应为

这一反应是在溶液中氯浓度明显增高的低PH条件下快速进行的。

用于液氧化法的出剂主要是(湿) 氯和氯盐。由于氯的活性 渣浆泵

安徽快3开奖结果What is thiourea leaching of gold ore by slurry pump


Gold leaching by thiourea method refers to the process of leaching gold by thiourea.


Thiourea, also known as urea sulfide (h2ncsnh2), is an organic compound with a molecular weight of 76.12, a density of 1.405g/cm3, and a melting point of 180-182c. The crystal is easily soluble in water. At 25C, the solubility in water is 142g / L, and the aqueous solution is neutral and non corrosive. The important characteristic of the solution heat of 22.57k/mol sulfur suit is the formation of stable complex cations with transition metal ions in the aqueous solution. General formula:


Sulfur removal is not stable in alkaline solution, it is easy to decompose into sulfide and cyanamide, and cyanamide hydrolysis produces urea。 Thiourea has reductive property in acid solution and is easy to oxidize to form dithioformamidine。 Thioformamidine is further oxidized and decomposed into cyanamide and elemental sulfur。


What are the characteristics of thiourea?


The characteristics of thiourea are as follows: ① it is nontoxic; ② it has better selectivity than cyanide, and it is good for copper, zinc, arsenic and antimony


The sensitivity of other elements is obviously lower than that of oxidation method; ③ the gold dissolving speed is faster than that of cyanidation leaching by more than 4-5 times; ④ the gold dissolving by thiourea is carried out in acid medium。 It is suitable for the leaching of refractory minerals which have been pretreated; ⑤ the thiourea gold complex formed in the solution is cation in nature, which is suitable for the recovery of gold by solvent extraction and ion-exchange method, but thiourea is expensive and consumes a large amount (20% oxidized by itself and 80% absorbed by ore)。 It is not as stable as cyanide, and it is easy to corrode the equipment due to the leaching of gold in acid medium In recent years, sulfur pulse has been listed as a suspicious carcinogen。 Therefore, it can be said that thiourea method is difficult to replace cyanidation in the near future。 The leaching of gold and silver with thiourea acid solution has the characteristics of high design speed, small toxic parts, easy regeneration and recovery of reagents, and little green effect of copper, arsenic, antimony, carbon, lead, zinc and sulfur。 It is suitable for extracting gold bearing mineral raw materials that are difficult to be treated or cannot be treated by chlorination method

What is thiosulfate leaching of gold?


安徽快3开奖结果Thiosulfate is a compound containing s2o3 group, which can be regarded as the product of one oxygen atom in sulfate replaced by sulfur atom. The thiosulfuric acid formed by the interaction of thiosulfate and acid is immediately decomposed into sulfur and sulfite, and the latter is immediately decomposed into sulfur dioxide and water. The average oxidation value of two S atoms in sof is + 2, which has mild reducibility. Therefore, it is necessary to properly control the oxidation conditions in the leaching process. Another important property of thiosulfate is that it can form complexes with many metals (gold, silver, copper, iron, platinum, palladium, mercury, nickel, tin). Such as:


安徽快3开奖结果The most important thiosulfate is sodium thiosulfate and ammonium thiosulfate, both of which are usually colorless or white granular crystals。 In the presence of oxygen, gold may react in thiosulfate solution as follows:

What is the method of leaching gold with stone sulfur mixture?

The leaching of gold by the method of stone sulfur mixture is a new type of non system leaching technology. Stone sulfur


It is made of cheap and easily available lime and sulfur yellow. It is nontoxic and beneficial to environmental protection. Its main components are calcium polysulfide (CAS,) and calcium thiosulfate (cas2o3). Therefore, the process of gold leaching by the method of stone sulfur mixture is the combination of polysulfide leaching and thiosulfate leaching. Therefore, the method of stone sulfur mixture has superior gold leaching performance and is more suitable for the treatment of refractory gold ores containing carbon, extension, antimony, copper and dislocation. However, this method is not mature in technology and needs further study.

There are S., s0x, 5, s plasma in the mixture, which can form stable complexes with gold. Polysulfide ions, like peroxides, are oxidable. They can oxidize Au (0) to Au (I). The resulting Au (I) can form stable complexes with various coordination ions in the solution. As the concentration of Au (I) keeps decreasing, Au (0) will continue to dissolve. The key to gold leaching is not only the oxidizer to oxidize Au (0), but also the coordination of oxidized Au (I) and solution to form stable complexes. Cyanide and thiourea are the most common solvent for leaching gold. In the presence of oxidant, they can form stable complexes with Au (I). The stability of the complexes of S205, S3, S2 - with Au (T) is higher than that of thiourea with Au (I), close to that of cyanide with gold.


29 what is liquid chlorine leaching?


Liquid chlorination, also known as water solution chlorination or water chlorination. In the initial stage of this method, gold was successfully leached from the solution with cyanogen water or sulfuric acid plus bleaching powder, and gold was precipitated from the leached solution with ferrous sulfate. Generally speaking, all the substances soluble in aqua regia in raw materials can also be dissolved by liquid cyanidation. The leaching rate of gold is higher and the price of chlorine is lower than that of cyanide.


Chlorine is a strong oxidant and can react with most elements。 For gold, it is both a water oxidizer and a complexing agent。 Gold is oxidized by chlorination and complexed with chlorine, so it is called water chlorination leaching gold。 Its chemical reaction is


The reaction was carried out rapidly under the condition of low pH, when the concentration of chlorine in the solution increased obviously.


The main leachables used in liquid oxidation are (wet) chlorine and chloride salts。 Active slurry pump due to chlorine







湖北快3走势图 宝博彩票APP下载 安徽快3开奖结果 爱淘彩票APP下载 百赢彩票APP下载 博盛彩票APP下载 百益彩票APP下载 宝岛彩票APP下载 安徽快3基本走势图50期 百盈彩票APP下载